India’s world-famous heritage Taj Mahal is located in the city of Agra, in the north of the country. The symbol structure, which many people think of when it is called India, was built between 1632 and 1653 in the Uttar Pradesh region. The building, which means’ crown of sweat’, is considered one of the outstanding architectural examples of Islamic shrine architecture with a height of 73 meters.
Built by Shah Jahan, the ruler of the Mughal Empire, to keep the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal alive, the structure is one of the most important structures symbolizing love in the world. Mumtaz Mahal, the mother of Shah Jahan’s 14 children, died during the birth of his last child.
Information About The Taj Mahal
In 2007, the architects of Taj Mahal, which is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the world with 100 million votes, are Mehmet Isa Efendi and Mehmet Ismail Efendi, students of Mimar Sinan. Its four minarets, made of white marble, are decorated with precious stones such as emeralds, rubies, pearls and diamonds.
The Taj Mahal, which took 22 years to build, consists of a large garden, a masjid, a pool and a mausoleum. The structure, in which all four sides complete each other flawlessly, has a characteristic that reflects each other like the image in a mirror.
The Tomb of Mumtaz Mahal, the wife of Shah Jahan, contains writings praising Mumtaz Mahal and good wishes attributed to him. Surat Yasin, which bears the signature of important calligraphers of the period, is also the most remarkable part of the Tomb structure. Traditional decorative elements were used in the interior of the Tomb section. The crates of Mumtaz Mahal and his wife Shah Jahan are located upstairs in the an section of the burial chamber, while the actual sarcophagi are located downstairs.
The staircase leading from the southern entrance of the burial chamber to the lower shrine is flanked by a pointed barrel. The rectangular ceiling of this section is completely covered with marble. Two graves of similar design, located in the center of the room, are decorated with different motifs.
The construction of the Taj Mahal, which cost 32 million Indian rupees, equivalent to 1 billion dollars, employed workers, painters, calligraphers, stonemasons, embroiderers and others in total 22 thousand people and more than a thousand elephants.
Almost 30 precious and semi-precious stones were used on the marble structure of the Taj Mahal. Of these stones, turquoise was brought from Tibet, Jade was brought from China, and marble, the main material of the building, was brought from Rajasthan. Unfortunately, during the Indian Rebellion in 1857, a large number of precious stones were removed from their places by the British.. 19. at the end of the century, the former governor of India, Lord Curzon initiated the restoration of the mausoleum and completed it in 1908.
The design of the Taj Mahal reflects different colors at different periods of the day. White marbles are pink in the morning, White in the day, and gold at night.Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983, the structure hosts 4 million visitors a year.
There have been various claims that Shah Jahan wanted his own tomb made of black marble, but no documentation has been found. Probably the fictitious writings of the European traveller Jean-Baptiste Tavernier form the basis of these legends.
The Taj Mahal, one of the most visited historical structures in the world, is also one of the most visited tourist and landmarks in India. Start planning your trip to India to see this spectacular structure that is the most popular in Asia.